Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gujjars) for centuries before the Mughal period. The folk costume of this dance is chaniya choli for women and kedia for men. (trans John Dryden and revised Arthur Hugh Clough) The Modern Library (Random House Inc). Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat. The Palitana temples of Jainism on Mount Shatrunjaya, Palitana are considered the holiest of all pilgrimage places by the Svetambara and Digambara Jain community.  Makar Sankranti is a festival where people of Gujarat fly kites. The Kutch Festival or Rann Festival (Gujarati: કચ્છ or રણ ઉત્સવ) is a festival celebrated at Kutch during Mahashivratri. Vikramaditya's successor Skandagupta left an inscription (450 CE) on a rock at Junagadh which gives details of the governor's repairs to the embankment surrounding Sudarshan lake after it was damaged by floods. A notable contribution to Gujarati language literature came from the Swaminarayan paramhanso, like Bramhanand, Premanand, with prose like Vachanamrut and poetry in the form of bhajans. Bombay state was enlarged to include Kutch, Saurashtra (Kathiawar) and parts of Hyderabad state and Madhya Pradesh in central India. He shifted his capital from Giringer to Valabhipur, near Bhavnagar, on Saurashtra's east coast.  Nearly 100% of Gujarat's 18,000 villages have been connected to the electrical grid for 24-hour power to households and eight hours of power to farms, through the Jyotigram Yojana. 2) any additional information regarding the details of those who have obtained Mamlatdars office or collector's office should be contacted.  During the historic reigns of the sultans, Hindu craftsmanship blended with Islamic architecture, giving rise to the Indo-Saracenic style. The adoption of cooperatives in Gujarat is widely attributed to much of the success in the agricultural sector, particularly sugar and dairy cooperatives. 'Life of Alexander' in The Lives of the Noble Grecians and Romans. After Timur's sacking of Delhi at the end of the 14th century weakened the Sultanate, Gujarat's Muslim Rajput governor Zafar Khan Muzaffar (Muzaffar Shah I) asserted his independence, and his son, Sultan Ahmed Shah (ruled 1411 to 1442), established Ahmedabad as the capital. For example, in the Ajanta Frescoes, a Gujarati prince is shown entering Sri Lanka. (GCMMF), is jointly owned by around 2.6 million milk producers in Gujarat. Gujarat - Gujarat - History: Early human settlement in Gujarat has been traced to hundreds of thousands of years ago—to the Stone Age—in the valleys of the Sabarmati and Mahi rivers in the eastern part of the state.  Sindhi presence is traditionally important here following the Partition of India in 1947. A university was set up by the Maitrakas, which came to be known far and wide for its scholastic pursuits and was compared with the noted Nalanda University. Drawn by the religious renaissance taking place under Akbar, Mohammed Ghaus moved to Gujarat and established spiritual centers for the Shattari Sufi order from Iran, founding the Ek Toda Mosque and producing such devotees as Wajihuddin Alvi of Ahmedabad whose many successors moved to Bijapur during the height of the Adil Shahi dynasty. DNA : Daily News & Analysis | HighBeam Research: Plutarch. The state has an agricultural economy; the total crop area amounts to more than one-half of the total land area.. The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. The construction started on 14 March 2015. p. 11. The customs revenue of Gujarat alone in the early 1570s was nearly three times the total revenue of the whole Portuguese empire in Asia in 1586–87, when it was at its height. The Anarta and Saurashtra regions were both parts of the Gupta empire. Interstate Bus Services – connects various cities of Gujarat with the neighbouring states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. Apart from lions, Indian leopards are also found in state. With his defeat, Gujarat became part of the Muslim empire, and the Rajput hold over Gujarat would never be restored. These networks extended to the Philippines in the east, East Africa in the west, and via maritime and the inland caravan route to Russia in the north. Sabarkatha: A village in Gujarat's Sabarkatha district has been declared as "Adarsh Gram". Find Gujarat Villages Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Gujarat Villages and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. 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