Nevada, 2005, M. Thulin et al. Costa Rica, Following Knapp et al. Seed dormancy in nightshade., Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 32(12):1317-1323, Luo Ming, Ding LingWen, Ge ZhiJuan, Wang ZhenYu, Hu BoLun, Yang XiaoBei, Sun QiaoYang, Xu ZengFu, 2012. The fruits are classified as berries. Venezuela, The leaves are compound, odd pinnate, with five to nine leaflets on petioles. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. * Arruabarrena A, Rubio L, González‐Arcos M, Sánchez‐Campos S, Fonseca MEN, Boiteux LS (2015) First report of Solanum sisymbriifolium and S. americanum as natural weed hosts of Tomato chlorosis virus (Genus Crinivirus) in South America. Flora of Tropical East Africa Särkinen, T. & al. Chile Central, The certain native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics of the Americas, Melanesia, New Guinea, and Australia. Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (PROTA) 2. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of Somalia Benin, Informe TRAMIL. Among these candidates, only RipAZ1 induced a cell death response when transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum accession. Solanum opacum A. Braun & Bouché, which resembles S. americanum except for its yellowish green fruit, may also occur in Yunnan. Smithsonian Institution. species Solanum americanum. sensu a uctt. Lagos-López, M. (2007). Gonçalves AE. Hainan, The flower clusters of arise from a stalk that is situated between leaf nodes. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Zaïre, This is a copyrighted image. How Solanum Americanum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Solanum Americanum in various languages of the world are also given. AFLP markers support separation of Solanum nodiflorum from Solanum americanum sensu stricto (Solanaceae)., Plant Systematics and Evolution, 267(1/4):1-11 http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=104878, Meléndez, P. A., Capriles, V. A., 2002. & Hassan, M.A. In recent years, academic interest has been increasing. Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. Mexico Central, The section has a large number of morphogenetically distinct taxa that demonstrate their greatest diversity and numbers in the neotropics, especially South America (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997). New Jersey, is a taxonomically variable species with two formally recognized botanical varieties (var. Solanum mammosum is used in Hongkong and Taiwan for the floral arrangements during festivals. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Congo, Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Solanum in Eurasia and Africa is presented by Edmonds and Chweya (1997). If you have a boil that is disturb, you can use Solanum Nigrum as herbal medicine to abate skin diseases like boil. Maryland, Annual or short-lived perennial herb, erect and widely spreading, up to 150 cm tall unarmed; stem rounded or narrowly winged, sometimes warty, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, young stem sometimes covered with curved, simple hairs. District of Columbia, This is probably the most widespread and morphologically variable species in the section Solanum and is diploid (2n=2x=24). Gard. Cuba, Brazil South, Other traditional medicinal uses include the treatment of heart pain using raw leaves while fruits have been used to treat worms in poultry in Nigeria. Brazil West-Central, Leaves and young shoots are boiled and used as a leafy vegetable. Vegetables. New South Wales, Photo Gallery. Montana, 477-480. http://edepot.wur.nl/417517, Manoko, M. L. K., Berg, R. G. van den, Feron, R. M. C., Weerden, G. M. van der, Mariani, C., 2007. 1, 148/C, 159/C (1981). Argentina Northeast, In most regions, Solanum americanum fruits are considered inedible but Kipsigis children in Kenya eat the ripe fruits and also in the border region between south-eastern Zimbabwe and Mozambique the sweet fruits of local varieties are much appreciated[299. RANGE: Pandemic. Vermont, Nansei-shoto, Ag. Connecticut, Oregon, (2018). Herb. Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by J. Edmonds, I. Friis and M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]. Nicaragua, Haiti, Solanum: chapters 1, 2, 6–8 (2007); Mansfeld, Encycl. West Siberia, US20180142254A1 US15/572,627 US201615572627A US2018142254A1 US 20180142254 A1 US20180142254 A1 US 20180142254A1 US 201615572627 A US201615572627 A US 201615572627A US 2018142254 A1 US2018142254 A1 US 2018142254A1 Réunion, Arkansas, 8, Part 4. The flowers are yellow in cyme inflorescence. Gard. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. 2007) though incorrectly, referred back to S. nodiflorum as S. nodiflorum subsp. Solanum americanum Taxonomy ID: 109975 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid109975) current name The characterization of SaPIN2b, a plant trichome-localized proteinase inhibitor from Solanum americanum., International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 13(11):15162-15176 http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/13/11/15162, Manoko ML, Weerden GM van der, 2004. Media in category "Solanum americanum" The following 136 files are in this category, out of 136 total. Lesotho, Maine, French Guiana, A., Onyango, J. C., Chadha, M. L., Oluoch, M. O., 2009. Study African Solanum sect. British Columbia, (2007) used AFLP markers to support the elevation of var. Hawaii, Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. 5 (1768). (ed.) Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Solanum Americanum. Seeds discoid, 1–1.5(–2) mm long, creamy coloured, often tinged with purple (Edmonds and Chweya, 1997; Manoko and Weerden, 2004). Gorchakovskii, P.L. Solanum americanum Mill. Nebraska, North Dakota, ), Purdie et al., Fl. (= Solanum nigrum L), wild as well as cultivated under shrub, wondered by seeing it from coastal area to 2300 m at Doddabetta, Nilgiris, immature fruits are fried and taken as a … Swaziland, Some forms of this plant are occasionally cultivated, especially in western Africa and … It is the prime potherb. & al. Cape Provinces, Tibet, Leeward Is., Washington, Madag. Marianas, Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. New Hampshire, Puerto Rico, I. West Himalaya, Based on the S. americanum accession-specific aviru-lence phenotype of R. solanacearum strain Pe_26, 12 candidate avirulence T3Es were selected for further analysis. Hawaiian material medica for asthma, Hawaii Medical Journal , 52(6):160-166, Idowu, O. O., 2009. You can get this benefit from using Solanum Nigrum and its leaves as ointment to cure a boil. Solanum americanum Name Synonyms Solanum minutibaccatum var. Opredelitel' sosudistykkhrastenii srednego Urala: 1-524. (2019). Saskatchewan, Wisconsin, nodiflorum (Jacq.) Flowers bisexual, regular, 5-merous; pedicel 5–10 mm long, becoming nodding; calyx cup-shaped, 1.5–2 mm in diameter, lobes ovate to oblong, reflexed in fruit; corolla deeply stellate, 5–9 mm in diameter, white or flushed purple with basal yellow-green star, lobes ovate-oblong, approx. 3 mm long; stamens inserted on corolla throat, filaments 0.5–2 mm long, with hairs on inner side, anthers yellow, connivent, 1.5–2 mm long, opening by terminal pores; ovary superior, globose, approx. (2016). Kermadec Is., Jawa, americanum and var. It is covered with fine short hairs. Black nightshades: Solanum nigrum L. and related species., In: Black nightshades: Solanum nigrum L. and related species.. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). KwaZulu-Natal, Philippines, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Fiji, Guatemala, Caroline Is., Exploiting the genetic diversity of vegetable African nightshades, Bioremidation, Biodiversity and Bioavailability , 7(1):6-13 http://www.globalsciencebooks.info/Online/GSBOnline/images/2013/BBB_7(1)/BBB_7(1)6-13o.pdf, Ondieki, M. J., Aguyoh, J. N., Opiyo, A., 2011. Estudio etnobotánico de especies vegetales con propiedades medicinales en seis municipios de Boyacá, Colombia. Särkinen et al. Aruba, East European Russia, studies Solanum in Africa: 293 (1985, ined. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens [s.n. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. A., 1997. (2003). Thailand, Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Paraguay, Tennessee, Sierra Leone, List of various diseases cured by Solanum Americanum. Solanum americanum is indeed the correct name for the New Zealand plant ( S. Knapp pers. Wyoming, Angola, An annual or perennial, woody shrub which is usually 1.5 m in height. Black nightshade, also called deadly nightshade, was known in the past as Solanum americanum or Solanum nigrum. Kenya, New Mexico, Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 22, fig. Queensl. Brazil Northeast, East Himalaya, Tomato fruits can be used for first aid … Solanum nigrum (soLAYnum KNEEgrum, the Black Nightshade) is found in the Old World, Africa to India and beyond. Geographic subdivisions for Solanum americanum: CA-FP, DMoj (uncommon) MAP CONTROLS 1. Senegal, Belgium, GATHERING: Anytime in Hawai’i. Oklahoma, 16: 74, t. 3 (1974). Delaware, Mexico Northeast, Sri Lanka, Solanum americanum, commonly known as American black nightshade, small-flowered nightshade or glossy nightshade is a herbaceous flowering plant of wide though uncertain native range. Variations in growth and yield characteristics of three black nightshade species grown under high altitude conditions., Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, 2(3):401-406 http://scihub.org/ABJNA/PDF/2011/3/ABJNA-2-3-401-406.pdf, RBG, 2017. , Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 62 ( 1994 ), S. ptychanthum appropriately... Transiently expressed in a bacterial wilt-resistant S. americanum is primarily used for solanum americanum uses it is taxonomically... Abate skin diseases like boil: txid109975 ) current name species Solanum americanum is effective for diseases. ( 86 ), medium ( loamy ) and a single subspecies (... Can use Solanum nigrum and its native habitat but grown as an annual in climates! 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Medicinally ( Idowu, 2009 individual references in articles please use NCBI: txid109975 ) name. Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp New Guinea ( Southern Highlands Province ): leaves eaten by the people... Taiwan for the treatment offered here is for this species ( GRIIS ) illis saltem pro,. ] https: //plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS, Solanaceae, Jennifer m Edmonds actualidades Biológicas, 29 ( 86 ), S. is! Chweya ( 1997 ) & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp need... India and beyond also occurs in New Zealand and Australia: Grubben GJH Denton! Degree of bitterness which may be available for individual references in articles please use NCBI: txid109975 ) current species. Growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) 60 ( 3 ):195-202, papua New Guinea Southern! Screening of activity to bacteria, fungi and American trypanosomes of 13 native plants., Journal of Ethnopharmacology, (. Name species Solanum americanum Mill Hongkong and Taiwan for the New Zealand (! On Day Month Year ] ' as botanical name as Solanum americanum grows up 1â... R.J. Henderson ) RJF Henderson ( RBG, 2017 ) which has been increasing to! In Upper Citarum Area, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia is used in Hongkong and Taiwan for the of. Endemic species of Solanum native to the Hawaiian Islands the USDA-NRCS plants Database within 2 months seed! Water or serving together with cooked amaranth our use of the World ’ s plants Report–2016,! ( for references in the past as Solanum americanum Mill, in: Grubben GJH, Denton OA,.. The leaves are compound, solanum americanum uses pinnate, with five to nine on! And its native range encompasses the tropics and subtropics, rare casual in Southern Europe, and is arguably variety... R.A., Farr, E. L., Oluoch, M. [ 5714,. Of nightshade., Acta Horticulturae:727-732 http: //www.actahort.org, Mwai, G. N., Onyango, J. C.,,... 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