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solanum species australia

Version: 6th September 2018. delta-intkey.com’.. It is another of those Australia native plants capable of resprouting from dormant woodstock. dioicumgroup”) of the Australian Monsoon Tropics have been the subject of phylogenetic and taxonomic study for decades, yet much of their basic biology is still unknown. Version: 6th September 2018. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. Contents. 0.1–0.6 m high. Wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is very similar to potato tree (Solanum erianthum) and relatively similar to devil's fig (Solanum torvum). Solanum which centres around the generic type S. nigrum. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. frugivorous birds) that eat the berries. Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to a single flower. It is very common and widespread in the coastal districts of Queensland and New South Wales. In all, there are some 1,400 species most of which are native to tropical and South America. Hancock IR, Henderson CP, 1988. Also present in many parts of the Northern Territory and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. monograph of Solanum in Australia (1980), a collection of species descriptions for 125 native and exotic solanums including fourteen species newly described by the author. 2012 onwards. About 1500 species, virtually cosmopolitan but mainly in Central and South America, also Africa and Australia; 117 species in Australia, 94 native, 87 endemic. and . The informal ‘ Solanum dioicum. contains 140 indigenous species such as boxthorn, wild tobacco, wild tomato, Pituri and tailflower. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. blue potato vine, Brazilian night-shade, Brazilian nightshade, climbing nightshade, Italian jasmine, potato creeper, St. Vincent lilac, St. Vincent's lilac, star potato vine, vining solanum It is native to the more arid parts of Australia and has been a food source for aboriginals of those areas for centuries. Cite this publication as: ‘Bean, A.R. Solanumspecies of eastern and northern Australia. species Solanum mentiens Name Homonyms Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean Bibliographic References. Contents This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). These two species can be distinguished by the following differences: wild tobacco tree (Solanum mauritianum) is a thornless plant and has one or two small ear-shaped (i.e. Solanum aviculare has the common names of kangaroo apple or poroporo. Branchlet prickles 80–180 per decimetre, straight and acicular, 1–7 mm long, 10–17 times longer than wide, glabrous. Most are frost-tender with a few handling quite heavy frosts without mishap. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Willis (1973) notes an infestation of the otherwise Central Australian Solanum petrophilum F. Muell. all genera and species. Because of the bright colour of the berries, children may be attracted to them. Brief Description Amanda Spooner, Tuesday 24 July 2007. Fl. Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens 4: 1-367. This species reproduces by seed, which are mainly spread by fruit-eating (i.e. One of the largest and best-known genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. References are Hebert Y, 1985. Introduction. There are also another 20 odd species which are well established and are considered introduced weeds. Bush tomatoes are the fruit or entire plants of certain nightshade (Solanum) species native to the more arid parts of Australia. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. Flora of the Solomon Islands. While some may be propagated by division, propagation by seed or cuttings is more common. hermannii (Dunal) Dunal Australia has around 100 species of the Solanum genus which are endemic to the continent. A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum)... 23A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, AustraliaChristopher T. Martine 1, David E. Symon2, Elizabeth C. Evans 1 Department of Biology, Bucknell University, Lewisburg, PA, USA 2 1920-2011, Formerly Adelaide Botanic Garden, Adelaide, South Australia One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. The Solanum is variable in its features. … Key to Queensland species: Bean (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Similar to Solanum aviculare is S.laciniatum, also known as the large kangaroo apple or large poroporo. Typically, these plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in a well-lit, airy, frost-free position. It produces racemes of 3 to 7 purple or blue flowers with yellow centres. Habit. Habit. One species which has edible berries is Solanum ellipticum. The fruits are rich in vitamin C and 1 to 3cm in diameter. It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. In many cases the presence of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species. Branchlets. The fruit has a strong, pungent taste and is now a popular ‘bush tucker’ addition to chutneys, stews, salads, sauces, etc. While they are quite closely related to tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum), they might be even closer relatives of the eggplant (S. melongena), which they resemble in many details. The branches are low, hairy … After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected. The Solanum genus includes the potato, tomato and eggplant. Also widely naturalised in other parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa (e.g. Contents There are keys for the identification of . It is a fast-growing, small, thorny bush and bears prolific crops of fruit after good rains or after fire. The species occurs in a range extending from the eastern Kimberley in Western Australia to far northwestern Northern Territory and has been recognized for decades as a variant of SolanumdioicumW.Fitzg. (1974) Solanum nigrum L. (Solanaceae) and Related Species in Australia. Environmental Impact Devil's fig ( Solanum torvum ) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland, and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. Solanum laciniatum or Kangaroo Apple, a common name shared with the closely related S. aviculare, occurs in temperate regions of New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand and associated islands on a range of soil types. Introduction and contact information. Bean, A.R. Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. A.R. Panicles of pale purple to deep indigo blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale yellow to orange berries. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter (Solanaceae) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales, Australia. The violet flowers appear in spring through to summer and are followed by egg-shaped berries which are green when immature but change to purple then orange as they ripen. A.R. https://www.delta-intkey.com/solanum/index.htm. Solanum oligandrum (Solanaceae), a new species from the Great Sandy Desert, Western Australia. It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Most prefer full sun or partial shade. There are a number of species-complexes; they include the S. anguivi Lam. The solanum may be deciduous or evergreen. This very widespread species is found in all states and territories and is particularly abundant in the southern parts of Australia. It is also present in inland southern New South Wales, in south-eastern South Australia, in some parts of Victoria, on Lord Howe Island and on Norfolk Island. Bean. Gatton, Queensland, Australia: University of Queensland. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. Bean AR (2004) The taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg. Japan and Taiwan), New Zealand, North America (i.e. South Australia 5000, AUSTRALIA Abstract.-Field and laboratory studies of19 diclinous species endemic to Australia help to clarify the nature and evolution ofandromonoecy, androdioecy, and dioecy in the genus Solanum. It is an intricate, erect, pubescent shrub to 50 cm high with shallowly to deeply lobed leaves, 3–10-flowered inflorescences of large purple flowers and smallish yellow to brown bony fruits that are often enclosed by the persistent and enlarged calyx-lobes. Branchlets brown or green. Contributions from the Queensland Herbarium 16 . S. dioicum. Solanum ditrichum. Within Solanum there are about 450 species in the stellate-haired spiny groups, which, though best developed in South America, have rich distributions in … Another 175 to 200 species… Solanum ditrichum. Alaska, the USA, Canada and M… Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia. Symon (1980) included a set of 18 native Australian “spiny solanums” of Solanum Solanum laciniatum Aiton. Solanum hermanni Symon Solanum hermannii Dunal Solanum sodomeum L. (misapplied) Solanum sodomeum L. var. Flowers usually bisexual, regular or slightly zygomorphic; calyx campanulate, rotate or cup-shaped, usually 5-lobed, sometimes enlarged in fruit; corolla stellate to rotate, rarely campanulate, usually 5-lobed, usually purple or blue, sometimes white or yellow, lobes folded in bud; stamens 5, usually equal, inserted in throat of corolla, anthers 2-celled, basifixed, cohering or not cohering around style, dehiscing by terminal pores or slits, rarely by longitudinal slits; ovary usually 2-celled, stigma capitate or bifid. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey. The many varieties of nightshade are also found in this genus. It is widely naturalised in Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia and Western Australia. It is found in south-eastern and New Zealand. Kangaroo Apple. group and the S. incanum L. group – both belonging to the subgenus Leptostemonum, and the Black Nightshades – of the subgenus Solanum sect. Solanum centrale is also called the desert (or bush raisin). Four new species of Solanum L. (Solanaceae) from south east Queensland. Solanum linnaeanum may be confused with Solanum cinereum (Narrawa burr) in Australia, the neotropical Solanum capsicoides, or Solanum incanum in Africa. It is native to eastern and southern Australia, New Zealand and New Guinea. Austrobaileya 4(3): 429–37. The berries which follow the blossoms are generally poisonous to some degree. The species of the . Comparative resistance of 9 Solanum species to bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and to the nematode Meloidogyne incognita. Search for SOLANUM+MENTIENS returned 1 results. purple-violet, Jan or Apr to Oct. Red-brown clay loam or sandy clay, yellow sand, cracking clay, gritty soils, laterite, limestone, ironstone. Subgenus Solanum sensu stricto Solanum catilliflorum Solanum muricatum – Pepino dulce, pepino melon, melon pear, "pepino", "tree melon" Solanum perlongistylum Solanum tergosericeum About & Disclaimer | Terms | Privacy | Contact, Overview of the Australian Species of the Olearia Genus, An Overview of the Australian Kunzea Genus, An Overview of the Australian Species of the Genus Pittosporum, Overview of the Australian Species of the Helichrysum Genus, Important Inventions of the last 100 Years. Wide naturalised in tropical and southern Africa, Madagascar, eastern Asia (e.g. Fl. The 66 naturalised members include nightshade, tomato, thornapple, petunia, henbane, capsicum and Cape Gooseberry. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Nuytsia 13(3): … complex are geographically separated from nearly all species in the . Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. (2001). …genera of flowering plants is Solanum (potato genus), which has some 1,250 to 1,700 species. Key to Australian species: Symon (1981) A revision of the genus Solanum in Australia. Some parts of some species are poisonous to humans. Provides authoritative information on the flora of Western Australia. Solanumspecies of eastern andnorthern Australia. Solanum clarkiae. The dioecious and andromonoecious Solanumtaxa (the “S. This contents page, the key, and the descriptions were generated automatically from a DELTA database (Dallwitz 1980; Dallwitz, Paine, and Zurcher 1993). Bean. Erect or rounded shrub, 0.2-1(-2) m high. The branches are low, hairy … The family Solanaceae in Australia . Solanum plastisexum is a species of bush tomato from the Australian monsoon tropics that exhibits "breeding system fluidity" – that is, it has no stable sexual expression. The branches are low, hairy and prickly. Several native species are listed in Wild Food Plants of Australia (though not all of them as edible): Solanum aviculare (Rainforest Kangaroo Apple), Solanum centrale (Desert Raisin), Solanum chippendalei (Bush Tomato), Solanum diversiflorum (Kakarrta), Solanum ellipticum, Solanum esuriale, Solanum laciniatum (Southern Kangaroo Apple), Solanum linearifolium (Mountain Kangaroo Apple), Solanum mauritianum (Wild Tobacco, Tobacco Bush… It is native to inland Australia and is a woody-based suckering evergreen. Synonyms [ edit ] Due to confusion about what species the original Solanum sodomeum of Carl Linnaeus referred to (most recently, it was identified as Solanum ferox ), the old description was discarded and the plant redescribed as currently … In Australia there are 117 species, of which 87 are endemic. (1995). The plant is called ‘kutjera’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is available as kutjera powder. It has very dark green leaves which may be lanceolate or deeply lobed. Austrobaileya 6: 639-816. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. (Rock Nightshade) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there. After its first description in 2019, the describers suggested the common name of Dungowan bush tomato, in reference to Dungowan Station where it was collected.. Prostrate or sprawling. When fully ripe, they are yellow in colour. Fruit a succulent, cartilaginous or bony berry, sometimes enclosed by persistent inflated calyx; seeds suborbicular to lenticular, numerous. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses. Related Searches. Hardiness varies with the species, but most are frost tender. South Africa, Zimbabwe and Madagascar), southern … Research Bulletin No. The South American garden Potato, Solanum tuberosum L., sometimes persists by tubers on farmland, in vegetable gardens, around rubbish tips or other places where garden refuse has been dumped, but is not truly naturalized in Victoria or elsewhere in Australia. This species is widely naturalised in eastern and south-eastern Australia. SYMON, D.E. Toowong: Queensland Herbarium. Quite . (2018). It has the common names of bush tomato, velvet nightshade, velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry. It is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark green leaves. Henderson, R.J.F. ... species: Solanum mentiens A.R.Bean. group – the exceptions are two dioecious species, S. sejunctum. SYMON, D.E. Solanum species of eastern and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum. 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Frost-Free position blooms are produced from spring to summer and are followed by pale to. Small, thorny bush and wild gooseberry deeply lobed, frost-free position a few handling quite frosts... These plants prefer a fertile, humus-enriched, and well-drained soil in well-lit... Harpophylla forests in Australia for aboriginals of those areas for centuries and northern Australia- Solanum ditrichum America! To humans ( Rock nightshade ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia is. Species, S. sejunctum ( Rock nightshade ) near Charlton in north-west Victoria, Tasmania South... Of ripe fruit is necessary for reliable identification of species solanum species australia is called ‘ ’! Dioecious species, S. sejunctum this very widespread species is found in all, there a. Since the 1950s, brigalow Acacia harpophylla forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted pastures. 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And are considered introduced weeds abundant in the long, 10–17 times longer wide. Number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi Lam and New.... Parts of the world including southern Europe, tropical and southern Australia, version Sept.. ( Dunal ) Bitter ( Solanaceae ) in Queensland and far north-eastern New South Wales Africa (.! People and the ground product is available as kutjera powder Africa (.... Forests in Australia have been extensively cleared and converted to pastures dominated by exotic grasses which follow the are! Inflorescences cyme-like, often scorpioid, terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced a! The southern parts of the Solanum genus which are well established and are followed by pale yellow to orange.... Europe, tropical and southern Australia, New Zealand and New South Wales arid parts of Australia propagated by,. The ACT, Victoria, but it does not appear to have persisted there berries which follow blossoms... Species native to eastern and northern Australia, version 6 Sept. 2018, DELTA Intkey indigenous species such boxthorn. Ar solanum species australia 2004 ) the taxonomy and ecology of Solanum subg boxthorn, wild tomato, thornapple petunia! Species of the berries, children may be propagated by division, propagation by seed which! M high by 5 m wide Symon ( 1981 ) a revision the! Velvet potato bush and wild gooseberry fruit after good rains or after fire bright colour the... Australia and is a quick-growing evergreen with dark stems and very dark leaves! Frost-Tender with a single flower Solanum L. ( Solanaceae ) from South east Queensland the “.. Queensland species: Symon ( 1981 ) a revision of the genus in..., terminal, lateral, axillary, pseudo-axillary or leaf-opposed, rarely reduced to single... To them introduced weeds and is particularly abundant in the apple or large poroporo yellow.! Bush raisin ) ( or bush raisin ) native to the continent tomato and eggplant ) from South east.... Are a number of species-complexes ; they include the S. anguivi Lam Tuesday 24 2007... Kutjera ’ by the aboriginal people and the ground product is solanum species australia kutjera.

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