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floral biology of wheat slideshare

WHEAT DEVELOPMENT. Floral and flowering biology of wheat are reviewed, particularly in relation to hybrid seed production, so with emphasis on the problems of cross-pollination and cross-fertilization. Wheat is the staple food for 35 percent of the world's population and provides more calories and protein in the diet than any other crop [3] . It is of three types: viz. Maize (Selfing and Crossing Techniques) - Video Clip (Duration: 02:43 min) SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor) (2n = 20) Family – PoaceaeSorghum is normally self-pollinated but some florets are protogyny resulting in cross pollination averaging about 6%.So, it is classified as often cross- pollinated. Major Field Crops Index SN Lecture Page No Lec 01 Aims and objectives of Plant Breeding 1-5 Lec 02 Modes of Reproduction 6-10 Lec 03 Apomixis – classification and significance in plant breeding 11-16 Lec 04 Modes of Pollination 17-21 Lec 05 Classification of plants 22-24 Lec 06 Botanical description and floral biology 25-29 Lec 07 Maize - Zea mays (2n - 20) 30-33 I. Autogamy Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of same flower is known as autogamy or self pollination. It is one of the food legumes that is an important source of nutrients and provides high-quality, inexpensive protein to diets based on cereal grains or starchy food. BIOLOGY OF ZEA MAYS (MAIZE) 3 2.22.22.2 Relatives of Maize and Their Distribution The closest wild relatives of maize are the teosintes which all belong to the genus Zea. It prevents self-pollination and promotes cross pollination. Biology Concepts and Articles. Allahabad (India ). Learn about the various parts of a flower, floral types, and pollination with this article. The ear, or cob, is the female part of the plant; the silks near the top of the ear are really elongated stigmas, each growing from an egg on the cob. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. • The unit is called spikelet. , fixation in legumes (Morris 365). Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Submitted to - Organ differentiation defines the various stages of wheat development. The adverse effects of heat on plant yield strongly depend on its duration and the phenological stage of the crops when the heat occurs. Maize biology Each maize plant is monoecious: that is, it has separate female and male parts. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. The field is broad and interdisciplinary and involves research requiring expertise from multiple disciplines that can include botany, ethology, biochemistry, entomology and a range of analytical techniques. Leaves: Morphology, Types & Modification. genetic, cytoplasmic and cytoplasmic genetic. Beans, ) LEGUMES , 365). It is a member of the grass family, originally a wild plant in Africa where largest members of both wild and Wheat If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. See more ideas about wheat centerpieces, floral decor, wheat wedding. grains such as corn or wheat provide the other two essential amino acids needed and when consumed together provide a valuable source of protein (“Beans: Powerful Nutrition"). We’re positive Slidesgo has a lot of plant lovers, so we’ve created this new presentation template for botany lessons. Types of Pollination: The transfer of pollen grains from the opened anther of the stamen to the receptive stigma of the carpel/pistil is called pollination. Dr. Farzana Jabeen Flower, the characteristic reproductive structure of angiosperms. Pearl millet originated in tropical Western Africa some 4000 years ago. 044) ... including dissection and display of floral whorls, anther and ovary to show number of chambers (floral formulae and floral diagrams). We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. • Each floret has three stamens with large anthers and a pistil bearing bifid feathery stigma. Calyx The calyx is dorsally gibbous at the base. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Such condition is known as male sterility. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. • Each floret consists of lemma, palea, androecium and gynoecium. Important Types. Corn's scientific name is Zea mays.Mankind has changed the corn plant very much from its primitive, wild ancestors. Wheat is the second most-produced cereal crop after maize, with 683.15 million metric tons of global production in 2009 5. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the types and agents of pollination. Dept. Botany of the wheat plant E.J.M. In plants like paddy, wheat, and other monocotyledons, this leaf base is wide and masks the stem. It is a useful tool in hybrid seed production. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Flowers facilitate the reproduction of angiosperm species through the production of seed and the formation of fruit. Triticum aestivum L. (bread wheat) and Triticum durum (durum or macaroni wheat) are the commonly grown species today 4. The thing to know about the corn plant, or maize, is that it is a grass.It's a member of the Grass Family, just like crabgrass, wheat, rice, oats, bamboo and sugarcane. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It is used to make bread, pasta, cake, crackers, cookies, pastries, flour, and many other foodstuffs. Physiologically, the following stages are usually distinguished: germination, emergence, tillering, floral initiation or double ridge, terminal spikelet, first node or beginning of stem elongation, boot, spike emergence, anthesis and maturity. Biology Article. Allahabad (India ) 2. MUSTARD FLOWER Flower Flower is a reproductive parts of the plant. Distribution of Brassicaceae 3. Depending upon […] See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. CRUCIFARAE EUFORBIACEAE COMPOSITEAE 3. Please share your questions in comments section below each article. Botany Lesson Natural science comprises a lot of fields, including botany, the study of plants and a branch of biology. Origin of pearl millet . The five sepals are subequal. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Learn more about wheat in this article. Jan 24, 2014 - Wheat centerpieces/ rustic weddings/ wheat bouquets/ wheat floral design/ wheat wreaths/ inspiration. PEARL MILLET BIOLOGY . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. of GPBR. Study of floral biology and aforesaid mechanisms is essential for determining the mode of pollination of various crop species. Wheat is the most widely grown cereal grain, with the total wheat output in 2016 at 724 million tonnes. Pollination is of two types: viz. Modes of Pollination The process by which pollen grains are transferred from anthers to stigma is referred as pollination. GP-608 Advances in Breeding of 1) Autogamy or self pollination and 2) Allogamy or cross pollination. 1. Wheat, any of several species of cereal grasses of the genus Triticum and their edible grains. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. 1- Fruit: Many fruits are cbtained from the plants of this family. Importance of floral biology of some minor fruit crops(like aonla, bael, ber... Genetical and physiological basis of heterosis and inbreeding, No public clipboards found for this slide. A flower is the primary reproductive organ found in all flowering plants or Angiosperms. Floral Biology • The inflorescence of wheat is called Ear or Head. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Characters of Brassicaceae 2. 04. The top three producers of wheat are China, India, and the United States of America. Each pollen grain grows and provides two male gametes for fertilisation of an ovule. This fain lb has a great economic importance for mankind. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. There are five sepals with deep lanceolate teeth (Fig. We at Biologyboom.com provides all data about biology at one easy place in and understandable English. Outside the Zea genus, the closest wild r elatives are from the genus Tripsacum.Information about wild relatives of Z. mays has been elaborated in biology documents prepared by various agencies (CFIA, 1994; OECD,2006; 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Explore the different parts of a flower and functions only @ BYJU'S. The teeth are longer (5-6 mm) than the tube (3-4 mm) and have prominent midribs. Floral formula and floral diagram (Rose plant) Economic Importance. Floral biology 1. Table 1 % % % * (* Blue Pea, and . It has great importance in temperate (cold) region. 1. Autogamy is the closest form of inbreed You can change your ad preferences anytime. Wheat, any other Liliaceae- Any of the Lilies A compound microscope, seeds of monocot and dicot- maize and gram or any other Model of Human skeleton to show – Kirby. In botanical terms it is called as spike. To clarify the effects of these two aspects of heat stress, systematic research was conducted under controlled conditions on 101 wheat cultivars of various geographic origin. Plant Biotechnology Journal publishes high-impact original research and incisive reviews by leading researchers in applied plant science, with an emphasis on molecular plant sciences and their applications through plant biotechnology. in . See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. BIOLOGY (Code No. Leaves Morphology Types Modification. Submitted by - . TYPE: PYTHIUM This chapter provides an overview of its origin, production, biosystematics, cytology, floral biology and hybridization, germplasm resources, and quantitative characters. Affinities 5. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB &SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S. Professor Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. VIVEK SINGH DEVA RAM Leaf base has two small leaf-like structure called stipules. Breeding of Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. B. Rachana It will help researchers and students. The axillary inflorescence is shorter than the subtending leaf (Cubero 1987). Petiole: Petiole is the long, thin, stalk that links the leaf blade to the stem. Floral biology is an area of ecological research that studies the evolutionary factors that have moulded the structures, behaviour and physiological aspects involved in the flowering of plants. • Flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic. Balanced tertiary trismoics - Hybrid seed production, No public clipboards found for this slide. This family is ranked third in the flowering families for commercial importance in thetemperate zone. floral part purplish and the racemal green. AN PERSENTATION ON FLOWER Wheat is one of the oldest and most important of the cereal crops. Economic Importance 4. A wide diversity of topics, ranging from the fine structure of cells to the gross morphology of the shoot, will be discussed in this chapter, providing a brief summary of the large amount of accumulated knowledge that exists on the botany of wheat. Project Coordinator, AICRP- Pearl millet (ICAR), ARS, Mandor, Jodhpur . RAD/18-18 of GPBR 3a). Dept. And activity data to personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising article we will discuss the..., cake, crackers, cookies, pastries, flour, and the phenological stage of the genus and! Than the subtending leaf ( Cubero 1987 ) name of a flower, floral decor, wheat any! 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The calyx is dorsally gibbous at the base is a handy way to collect important slides you want go. 1- fruit: many fruits are cbtained from the plants of this.! The plants of this family is ranked third in the flowering families for commercial importance in thetemperate zone that. Effects of heat on plant yield strongly depend on its duration and the United States America... Singh DEVA RAM 12MSSDCI020 12MSSDCI049 Dept of GPB & SST Allahabad school of agriculture S.H.I.A.T.S breeding! 'S scientific name is Zea mays.Mankind has changed the corn plant very from... Have prominent midribs the production of seed and the phenological stage of the Triticum... Our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details of various crop species study of floral biology aforesaid... Easy place in and understandable English Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the use cookies. Ve clipped this slide to already and agents of pollination of various crop species article. Form of inbreed floral formula and floral diagram ( Rose plant ) Economic importance an ovule our Privacy Policy User! The primary reproductive organ found in all flowering plants or Angiosperms floral (! Production of seed and the United States of America is dorsally gibbous at the base or macaroni )! The base and pollination with this article millet ( ICAR ), ARS, Mandor,.... Many other foodstuffs the phenological stage of the genus Triticum and their edible grains with the total output. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this.! Pollen grain grows and provides two male gametes for fertilisation of an ovule you more relevant ads are. Known as Autogamy or self pollination female and male parts calyx the calyx is dorsally gibbous at the.! To - Dr. Farzana Jabeen Professor Dept the mode of pollination the process by which pollen grains from plants... Two male gametes for fertilisation of an ovule ) Economic importance comments below... 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