The Martin surname, common in both England and Ireland, can be found primarily in Galway, Tyrone, and Westmeath. They are to be found mostly in Northern Ireland Genealogy, but also in some neighbouring parts of the Ireland Genealogy particularly County Donegal. Or, take Jefferson Davis, the Scot Irish president of the Confederate States of America. The Cianachta, or the race of Kane, also known as Clann Cian, descend from Cian, son of Oilioll Ólum, king of Munster in the 3rd century. The O Connor family was one of three royal Irish families; they are from Clare, Derry, Galway, Kerry, Offaly, Roscommon, Sligo and the province of Ulster. By the 1100s, the King of Connaught was “Turlough O’Connor” and his kin were from the “Síol Muireadaigh” tribe. In the province of Ulster, the final e is omitted. These are the surnames of the original Scottish settlers from 1606–1641, who would go on to become the ' Scotch-Irish '. The Uí Méith territory spanned northern County Louth, eastern County Armagh, and later in County Monaghan. The map details the precise location where farmers with each Plantation Surname concentrated in early census data. The Clann Lugain descend from Cormac, one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait, and are part of the Síl Daim Argait. The name Uí Méith survives as the present day name of the village Omeath. The Smiths, both English and Irish, are primarily from Antrim, Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, and Sligo. The Uí Tuírtri territory would expand into the lands north of Lough Neagh as they were driven eastwards by the Northern Uí Néill about the 10th century. Many of these names were devised during the reign of Brian Boru, the High King of Ireland who fell defending Ireland from the Vikings at the Battle of Clontarf in 1014 AD. The term Scotch-Irish is used mostly in the U.S. Johnston is the most common name in the Irish province of Ulster. Martin (8341) 10. See The Ulster Plantation. While Americans have often called them “Scots-Irish,” these fervent Protestants began adopting the term “Ulster Scots” in the mid-1800s to separate themselves from the generally Roman Catholic Irish immigrants arriving on American shores in droves. Airthir (barony of Lower and Upper Orior), meaning 'east', was one of the main branches of the Síl Fiachra Cassán until the 8th century when it split into the main septs of the Uí Nialláin, the Uí Bressail, and the Uí Echdach. ", A Norman family who came to Ireland in 1170, the Fitzgeralds (spelled Mac Gearailt in parts of Ireland) claimed vast holdings in Cork, Kerry, Kildare, and Limerick. The Williamson line married into our Howard line very shortly after arrival to America in 1917, and so is part of the Howard Ascendancy. Munster was the territory of the Mahoney clan, with Mahonys (or Mahoneys) being most numerous in Cork. Note: You can use a credit card to make a payment. The Uí Briúin Bréifne, or O'Brien Breffny, are a branch of the Uí Briúin kin-group. Murphy (8048) 12. The MacCarthy surname originated primarily from Cork, Kerry, and Tipperary. This Irish family was very widespread, settling in Fermanagh, Galway, Kerry, Kilkenny, and … Together, these directories hold some 1,666,724 indexed … The Maguire surname is the most common in Fermanagh. Top 100 Irish Surnames & Last Names (Family Names Ranked) The Top 20 Irish Surnames and Meanings. The Byrne surname is still very common in Wicklow, as well as Dublin and Louth. The O Byrne (Ó Broin) family originally came from Kildare, until the Anglo-Normans arrived and they were driven south to the Wicklow mountains. Their territory was in County Monaghan. Top 10 Irish surnames you’ll hear in America. MCMURTRY Northern Irish , Scottish Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Muircheartaigh "son of Muircheartach ", a personal name meaning "navigator", from muir "sea" and ceartach "ruler". Mullin (1966). All common Anglicised forms provided relate to usage in the province in Ulster and thus do not contain other Anglicised forms that relate to mirror Gaelic names from outside of Ulster. Common in both England and Ireland, the Irish Brown families are most commonly found in the province of Connacht (specifically Galway and Mayo), as well as Kerry. List of some Ulster-Irish Convicts transported to New South Wales, Australia, 1800-1818: Emigration Records 379 Petition from the inhabitants of Bangor, Co. Down relating to the Act of Union, 31 January 1800: Act of Union Petitions 211 Co. Armagh pre-1900 gravestone inscriptions with … To see that the Scot Irish were in no way ethnically Scottish or Irish one has only to look at their surnames. ‘Vikings,’ ‘Foreign Helpers’ and ‘Raiders from across the Sea’ Approximately 8% of Irish males, together with many Scots and Ulster Scots carry the M222 genetic marker (also referred to as the 'Niall of the Nine Hostages' DNA marker). Originally settled in County Tipperary, the Sullivan family spread into Kerry and Cork, where they are now most numerous and their surname is the most common. For example, the Irish name Ó Flaithbheartaigh is Anglicised as Flaherty, Flaffery and Flaverty in Connacht, however due to the aspiration of the 'F' in Ulster Irish, it is Anglicised and recorded as Laverty and Lafferty in Ulster thus the F variants have been excluded. Another common Irish prefix, Fitz, derives from the French word fils, also meaning "son.". Walsh is the most common surname in Mayo. The Kennedy surname, both Irish and Scottish in origin, hails from Clare, Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Wexford. The Uí Echach Beg and Uí Echach Mór are noted as two branches of this group, but are also placed as being in Dál nAraidi and thus maybe part of the Uí Echach Cobo. Dunne is the most common surname in Laois, where the family originated. Their original homeland was Monaghan, where their surname is still the most common. In general, Catholics spell the name with two ns, while Protestants spell it with one. Originally the Shea family was from Kerry, though they later branched out to Tipperary during the 12th century and Kilkenny by the 15th century. The Flynn surname can also be found in Clare, Cork, Kerry, and Roscommon. "The Book of Ulster Surnames", The Black Staff Press, This page was last edited on 16 June 2020, at 19:53. Originally an Irish clan from Galway, the Connolly families settled in Cork, Meath, and Monaghan. Numbers in brackets represent the total number of people with this surname with regard to this province. The Fír Lemna (also known as Uí Tuathail and Síl Tuathail) are cited as being one of the "Trí Tuatha of Oirghialla" alongside the Uí Chremthainn and Síl Dubthir. Individuals with the Daly surname hail primarily from Clare, Cork, Galway, and Westmeath. The common Irish surname Collins originated in Limerick, though after the Norman invasion they fled to Cork. They are also from Donegal and Roscommon. The plantation of Ulster in the 17th century led to many Scottish people settling in Ireland. The Gallagher clan has been in County Donegal since the 4th century and Gallagher is the most common surname in this area. One of the oldest surnames in Ireland, the O Clery surname (anglicized to Clarke) is most prevalent in Cavan. The top 20 most common surnames in Dublin. The modern province of Connaught covers the counties of Galway, Roscommon, Sligo, Mayo and Leitrim. After the war was over, many of their soldiers settled permanently in eastern Ulster. Septs include Ó hAonghuis (O'Hennessy, Hennessy), Uí Fiachrach Arda Sratha, Ardstraw, County Tyrone, Uí Tuírtri, west and east of the Sperrings. The Thomson surname, without the "p," is Scottish. The Síl Colla Fochríth, descend from Colla Fochríth, the first king of Airgíalla and one of Three Collas. Fleeing religious persecution and economic hardships, the Scotch-Irish … Northern Irish (Ulster) and Scottish Anglicized form of Gaelic MAC GILLE ÍOSA, patronymic from a personal name meaning ‘servant of JESUS’. The Irish surname Ó Floinn is prevalent in the province of Ulster. This is the first ever of its kind. The territory of Airthir was centered in Ard Macha (Co. Armagh), along the eastern baronies of Orior. T.H. This English name is the second most common non-Irish name found in Ireland, especially in Ulster. In the province of Ulster, they were known as Mac Dubghaill (MacDowell and MacDuggall). From Ceann, the Irish word for head, the name Ó Cuinn means intelligent. The name in Irish (Ó Dochartaigh) means obstructive or hurtful. By the 12th century, the Cianachta would be conquered by the Ó Cathaín. Also spelled McCarthy. The Uí Echach descend from Echach the grandson of Fiachra Cassán. Mullin and J.E. Beside the O’Connors - the other leading families of … Over 3,000 different surnames are detailed. In Ulster, a Kelly sept, claiming descent from Colla, the 4th century King of Ulster, was based in south Derry. By the 14th century, they were subjugated by the Maguires. The Uí Meic Uais are cited as having several branches; Yet the following are cited by Francis Byrne as being collectively known as the Uí Meic Uais, though groups of this name are also noted in the midland regions: The Uí Tuirtri descend from Fiachu Tort, a son of Colla Uais. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Irish_clans_in_Ulster&oldid=962926352, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Uí Meic Uais Mide, in the barony of Moygoaish, county Westmeath. Cú Muighe Ó Floinn is cited as being king of the territories of Uí Tuirtri, Fir Lí, Dál Riata, and Dál nAraidi. According to the books of Lecan and Ballymote, the Síl Ciarain Uí Echach were located in Airthir. Gallagher (11739) 3. Turlough and his kin had taken on the surname O’Connor from this Gr, Gr, Gr Grandfather – “Conchobar mac Taidg Mór” (Conor son of Tadhg senior) who had died in 882. The Fir Luirg, or men of Lurg, are listed as being among the Síl Colla Uais. The Northern Uí Néill would also alternate the High-Kingship of Ireland with their southern cousins the Southern Uí Néill into the 10th century. Colla Uais had several sons including Eachach and Ercc. The region of Magh Lemna is given as being in the parishes of Clogher and Errigal Keerogue in southern Co. Tyrone bordering Co. Monaghan. See Irish surnames direct via McCurdy marriage CREIGHTON, STEWART, LAUGHLIN, COOKE. This is why it is very common to see prefixes attached to Irish surnames. Most of these families participated in the 18th Century Ulster Migration to English Colonies and early Republic, or in the 19th Century Ulster migration into Canada. The Ó Riain and Ryan families of Ireland are primarily from Carlow and Tipperary, where Ryan is the most common surname. The kingdom of Bréifne region remained part of the kingdom of Connacht until the time of Queen Elizabeth I when it was shired into the modern counties of Cavan and Leitrim, with Leitrim remaining within Connacht and Cavan becoming part of Ulster. The Doherty surname is the most common in Derry. Some of the clans given as part of the Síl Fiachra Cassán include: The Uí Echach, or the Uí Echach Airgíalla to distinguish them from the neighbouring Uí Echach Cobo of the Dál nAraidi, are suggested as ruling an area known as Tuath Echach, comprising the barony of Armagh in County Armagh. Campbell families are very prevalent in Donegal (most are descended from Scottish mercenary soldiers), as well as in Cavan. The true definitive source for Scottish and Irish names is a book called The Surnames of Scotland, written by Dr. George F. Black, PhD, the chief librarian of the New York Public Library in the 1920’s. Dr. Black passed away some years ago and I understand his daughter keeps the book up to date with updates every few years. There is also a MacCarroll family (anglicized to MacCarvill) from the province of Ulster. The O Donnell clans originally settled in Clare and Galway, but today they are most numerous in County Donegal. The Scots Irish, also known as Scotch Irish (especially in USA) or Ulster Scots (especially in Northern Ireland), are an ethnic group found in the province of Ulster in the north of Ireland Genealogy. At one stage the O'Lynns ruled a territory stretching all the way to the sea deep in Ulaid territory. As you can see the families are a combination of Lowland and Highland Scottish surnames with a few native Irish surnames. Mac, sometimes written Mc, is the Gaelic word for "son" and was attached to the father's name or trade. The Brennan surname in Ireland is now mostly found in County Sligo and the province of Leinster. Sometimes modified to O'Donnelly. The Carroll surname (and variants such as O'Carroll) can be found throughout Ireland, including Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Kerry, Kilkenny, Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan, and Offaly. A must for anyone with Scots-Irish, Ulster-Scots or Anglo-Irish ancestry. Below is a list of other Irish septs in Ulster that can't be attached to any specific Cenél or Clann. The Uí Nialláin, or Clan Cernaich, descend from Nialláin, son of Féicc, son of Feidelmid, who was the son of Fiachra Cassán. One of the principal chiefs of the Uí Tuírtri was the O'Lynns, who ruled from Lough Insholin, Desertmartin, County Londonderry - the name of which is preserved in the modern barony of Loughinsholin. All common Anglicised forms provided relate to usage in the province in Ulster and thus do not contain other Anglicised forms that relate to mirror Gaelic names from outside of Ulster. The Cianachta Glenn Geimin of Clann Cian, or the Cianachta of Glengiven, ruled a region now known as Dungiven. Crích Ross stands 4 miles northwest of the point where the three counties meet. Campbell is a descriptive surname meaning "crooked mouth.". The Fir Rois were located in the barony of Farney, County Monaghan, and in the barony of Ardee, County Louth, and in Meath. The O Boyles were chieftains in Donegal, ruling west Ulster with the O Donnells and the O Doughertys. Their territory lay in the baronies of Oneilland East and West in Co. Armagh, which both derive their name from the Uí Nialláin rather than the O'Neills. Origins in Ulster: Old Irish. The term Scots-Irish (or Scotch-Irish) is an American term used by those descended from the Presbyterian Ulster-Scots who settled America in the 1700's, to differentiate themselves from the later influx of Gaelic Catholic Irish following the potato famine. Many of these early Irish surnames began as patronyms to identify a son separately from his father or a grandson from his grandfather. That independence is present even in the group’s name. The Foundation has online records and publications available to help you discover your Irish and Scots-Irish ancestors. Kelly was known as a surname in Scotland long before the 19th century immigration really established the name there; there was a Kelly sept attached to Clan Donald. Also spelled Dougherty and Daugherty. Three distinct O Connell clans, located in the provinces of Connacht, Ulster, and Munster, are the originators of many of the Connell families in Clare, Galway, Kerry. Generally the families of Ulster Scots origins, but many of the families from outside of Ulster, from Mayo, Sligo, Dublin, Cork, etc., some are native Irish families that became part of Scots-Irish society in the Colonies, also a lot a Highland Scots, Manx, … The following terms are noted in the Annals to describe or group the clans and septs that would descend from Rochad: The Clann Nadsluaig descend from Nadsluag, one of the sons of Cairpre Dam Argait, and part of the Síl Daim Argait. John O'Donovan in his notes on the Annals of the Four Masters marks that there were two groups of the Ui Meith name; the Uí Méith Macha (or Uí Méith Tiri) and the Uí Méith Mara. For example, the Irish name Ó Flaithbheartaigh is Anglicised as Flaherty, Flaffery and Flaverty in Connacht, however due to the aspiration of the 'F' in Ulster Irish, it is Anglicised and recorded as Laverty and Lafferty in Ulster thus the F variants have been excluded. The greatest concentration of Doyles is in Leinster, Roscommon, Wexford, and Wicklow. The Hughes surname, both Welsh and Irish in origin, is most numerous in three provinces Connacht, Leinster, and Ulster. The Doyle last name comes from dubh ghall, the "dark foreigner," and is thought to be Norse in origin. The Cenél Rochada are descended from Rochad, one of Colla Fochríth's sons. If you have some Irish blood then you are almost certainly proud of the fact. The Quinns are primarily from Antrim, Clare, Longford, and Tyrone, where their surname is the most common. Below can be found a range of material on the library that will hopefully prove useful to those engaged in tracing their Irish ancestry. The territory of the Cianachta spanned the present-day barony of Keenaght, which derives its name from them. Muircertach mac Thomas Ó Floinn the heir aspirant was slain "treacherously" by Hugh, grandson of Aodh Buidhe Ó Néill (progenitor of the Clandeboye O'Neills), and when his father Thomas died the realm passed into the hands of the Clandeboye O'Neills. Imchad was one of Colla Fochríth's sons, and from him son Muiredach Méth would descend the Uí Méith. They can also be found in Limerick. But first, here are a few tips for your family research: Researching Your Irish Family History. Septs include the Ó Comhraidhe (O'Curry, Currie), Uí Meic Uais Breg, in the barony of Upper Kells and Lower Navan, county Meath. One of three royal Irish families, the O Neills are from Antrim, Armagh, Carlow, Clare, Cork, Down, Tipperary, Tyrone, and Waterford. The Lynch families (Ó Loingsigh in Irish) were originally settled in Clare, Donegal, Limerick, Sligo, and Westmeath, where the Lynch surname is most common. 1. Kelly families of Irish origin come primarily from Derry, Galway, Kildare, Leitrim, Leix, Meath, Offaly, Roscommon, and Wicklow. Ulster-Scots / Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Genealogy It is necessary to give separate understanding to the research of Ulster-Scots roots. Ó Dubhthaigh, anglicized to Duffy, comes from an Irish name meaning black or swarthy. Irish Genealogy. Doherty (12622) 2. The two principal families of Uí Briúin Bréifne were the O'Rourkes and O'Reillys, who after a great battle in 1256, split the kingdom into East Bréifne and West Bréifne. Welcome to Ulster Ancestry Genealogy, family history and probate research in Northern Ireland Family History & Genealogy Research Reports . The Irish Ó Dálaigh comes from dáil, meaning a place of assembly. Kelly (10965) 6. The Síl Colla Uais descend from Colla Uais, one of the Three Collas. Kimberly Powell is a professional genealogist and the author of The Everything Guide to Online Genealogy. Clans and septs that are claimed to descend from Colla Fochríth but with no other information given include; Ui Maine, Fir Dubhshlat, Ui Conaill, and Ui Luain. Boyle descendants can also be found in Kildare and Offaly. Also spelled McGuire. Marriages between the English, Scotch and Irish in Ulster also became frequent and in 1610 the law forbidding such marriages was repealed "to the great joy of all parties." Campbell (11115) 5. Spelled de Faoite or Mac Faoitigh in Ireland, this common name stems mainly from the "le Whytes" who came to Ireland with the Anglo-Normans. The Fernmag, or Fer Fernmaighe, is an area around Lough Ooney, aka Lock Uaithne near Smithborough in the barony of Dartry, Co. Monaghan. Example, take Andrew Jackson, one of the Síl Fiachra Cassán to be found in Kildare, Protestants! Three provinces Connacht, Leinster, and Kerry or a grandson from his grandfather look at their surnames itself. 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