Of the eternal election, by which God has predestinated some to salvation, and others to destruction. It is useful, necessary, and most sweet. cix. But though thus necessary to be known, Paul declares that it cannot be known unless God, throwing works entirely out of view, elect those whom he has predestined. When God ever and anon gathered his Church from among the sons of Abraham rather than from profane nations, he had respect to his covenant, which, when violated by the great body, he restricted to a few, that it might not entirely fail. We shall never feel persuaded as we ought that our salvation flows from the free mercy of God as its fountain, until we are made acquainted with his eternal election, the grace of God being illustrated by the contrast--viz. - THROUGH THE FALL AND REVOLT OF ADAM,… Next » 209 CHAPTER 1.  See Gregory, Ep. For God takes it for granted, that as both were the sons of a holy father, and successors of the covenant, in short, branches from a sacred root, the sons of Jacob were under no ordinary obligation for having been admitted to that dignity; but when by the rejection of Esau the first born, their progenitor though inferior in birth was made heir, he charges them with double ingratitude, in not being restrained by a double tie. Pighius was critiquing Calvin’s teaching on the subject of free will and predestination as found in the 1539 edition of the Institutes. But if it be of works, then it is no more grace: otherwise work is no more work," (Rom. Prescience regarded as the cause of predestination. Of the eternal election, by which God has predestinated some to salvation, and others to destruction. 7. This doctrine confirmed by proofs from Scripture. Those secrets of his will, which he has seen it meet to manifest, are revealed in his word--revealed in so far as he knew to be conducive to our interest and welfare. The predestination by which God adopts some to the hope of life, and adjudges others to eternal death, no man who would be thought pious ventures simply to deny; but it is greatly caviled at, especially by those who make prescience its cause. And when David's faith is assailed, how does he arm himself for the battle? 22. 7. “We have come into the way of faith,” says Augustine: “let us constantly adhere to it. God gave a similar example in the rejection of Saul. Get Directions. Find more Christian classics for theology and Bible study at Bible Study Tools. The Great Wall, the Silk Road, and is the way of the Kings of the East being prepared? At first Ishmael had obtained the same rank with his brother Isaac, because the spiritual covenant was equally sealed in him by the symbol of circumcision. and Ep. Nor will they abstain from their jeers when told that little more than five thousand years have elapsed since the creation of the world. Choose from the available chapter in the ... Bible Commentaries Calvin's Commentary on the Bible John. could not be found or recognized among the creatures, because it lies hid (in both cases wondrously) within the lap of blessed predestination, and the mass of wretched condemnation? Author Josh Anderson. 5. This was/is the doctrine for which Presbyterians and other Reformed churches are known. Not prescience, but the good pleasure of God the cause of predestination. His words are, “Even so then at this present time also, there is a remnant according to the election of grace. To quell their blasphemies, must we say nothing concerning the divinity of the Son and Spirit? This the sacred history sometimes repeats that the secret grace of God may be more admirably displayed in that change. From this we infer, that all who know not that they are the peculiar people of God, must be wretched from perpetual trepidation, and that those therefore, who, by overlooking the three advantages which we have noted, would destroy the very foundation of our safety, consult ill for themselves and for all the faithful. These editions are mid-nineteeth century translations published by the Calvin Translation Society. The Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin. There is good reason to dread a presumption which can only plunge us headlong into ruin. chapter 3. The curious. I admit that it was by their own fault Ishmael, Esau, and others, fell from their adoption; for the condition annexed was, that they should faithfully keep the covenant of God, whereas they perfidiously violated it. Third objection, viz., That this doctrine is dangerous even to believers. Must the creation of the world be passed over in silence? Rather let us willingly abstain from the search after knowledge, to which it is both foolish as well as perilous, and even fatal to aspire. But as the Lord seals his elect by calling and justification, so by excluding the reprobate either from the knowledge of his name or the sanctification of his Spirit, he by these marks in a manner discloses the judgment which awaits them. Thus in the adoption of the family of Abraham, God gave them a liberal display of favor which he has denied to others; but in the members of Christ there is a far more excellent display of grace, because those ingrafted into him as their head never fail to obtain salvation. There are others who, when they would cure this disease, recommend that the subject of predestination should scarcely if ever be mentioned, and tell us to shun every question concerning it as we would a rock. Proud member institutes of the christian religion / book second. Third objection--viz. All are not created on equal terms, but some are preordained to eternal life, others to eternal damnation; and, accordingly, as each has been created for one or other of these ends, we say that he has been predestinated to life or to death. The truth of God is too powerful, both here and everywhere, to dread the slanders of the ungodly, as Augustine powerfully maintains in his treatise, De Bono Perseverantiae (cap. 100:3; 95:7). In Isaac was the seed called. 5 in Joann. liii. - The publication in English of another edition of the opus magnum of Christian theology is an event fraught with much encouragement. of 14ñ20). In the following words also they are enjoined to rest satisfied with the mere good pleasure of God: “O ye seed of Abraham, his servant; ye children of Jacob, his chosen” (Psa_105:6). Book 3, Chapter 22. Raiders of the Lost Ark, Solomon’s Lost Treasure, and the Ethiopian Dam … and your calling! This book contains Calvin’s most extended treatment of the relationship between God’s grace and man’s will. "We have come into the way of faith," says Augustine: "let us constantly adhere to it. Chapter 18. The middle column notation is book, chapter, and section in the Institutes. Ignorance of it impairs the glory of God, plucks up humility by the roots, begets and fosters pride. 5), that we can safely follow Scripture, which walks softly, as with a mother’s step, in accommodation to our weakness. Even of the posterity of Abraham some elected and others rejected by special grace. A general consideration of the whole subject, including a discussion of a necessary question concerning the justice of God and his mercy in Christ, Section 1 - 4. IMPIETY OF ATTRIBUTING A VISIBLE FORM TO GOD.—THE SETTING UP OF IDOLS A DEFECTION FROM THE TRUE GOD. Although it is now sufficiently plain that God by his secret counsel chooses whom he will while he rejects others, his gratuitous election has only been partially explained until we come to the case of single individuals, to whom God not only offers salvation, but so assigns it, that the certainty of the result remains not dubious or suspended. This chapter contains four leading heads. Bible Version. 4. It leads to the chambers of the king, in which are hidden all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Institutes of the Christian Religion by John Calvin is an introduction to the Bible and a vindication of Reformation principles by one of the Reformation's finest scholars. 25:27). But since both piety and common sense dictate that this is not to be understood of every thing, we must look for a distinction, lest under the pretence of modesty and sobriety we be satisfied with a brutish ignorance. Aa Aa. Chapter 20 (continued): Sections 45-52.Notes, Chapter 20, (End) Institutes, Vol.3: Part 26: Chapter 21: Of the eternal election, by which God has predestined some to salvation, and others to destruction. 1. The necessity and utility of the doctrine of eternal Election explained. I. CHAPTER 21. Often, also, do the prophets remind the Jews of this election by way of disparagement and opprobrium, because they had shamefully revolted from it. It is to be observed, that when the land is mentioned, it is a visible symbol of the secret election in which adoption is comprehended. Tags: « Prev: CHAPTER 20. Calvin on Predestination (Institutes) Page 1 . For it is not right that man should with impunity pry into things which the Lord has been pleased to conceal within himself, and scan that sublime eternal wisdom which it is his pleasure that we should not apprehend but adore, that therein also his perfections may appear. 25:2). 6. This is clearly expressed by Moses in a few words, "The secret things belong unto the Lord our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us, and to our children for ever," (Deut. Answer to two classes of men: 1. Every thing, therefore delivered in Scripture on the subject of predestination, we must beware of keeping from the faithful, lest we seem either maliciously to deprive them of the blessing of God, or to accuse and scoff at the Spirit, as having divulged what ought on any account to be suppressed. So…I don’t do well flat. Aa Aa. 1. The Necessity of Scripture. The Authority of Scripture. 5. When it is elsewhere said, "I have chosen thee, and not cast thee away," (Isa. 13., and will be at a loss whether to admire most the marvelous acuteness, or the sobriety of judgment, by which the whole discussion is pervaded. My discussion of Calvin’s view will draw on excerpts from Book III, chapters 21-23, of his Institutes of the Christian Religion (1559) in Hans J. 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